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domestically rated “AAA”, the safest level. The sale to individual investors is mainly of project-link
ed special-purpose bonds, a type of local government bond vigorously promoted by the government in re
cent years. The cash flows generated from the underlying projects will be used as the primary repayment sources.
In China, there are two types of local government bonds: general bonds and special purpose bonds. According to the country’s 2019 budget repor
t, which was approved by the top legislature earlier this month, the budgeted deficit for local governments is 930 billion yuan, up 100 billi
on yuan compared with 2018, and this fund gap will be supplemented by general bonds.
In the meantime, 2.15 trillion yuan of special purpose bonds will be issued to support la
rge infrastructure projects, such as shantytown renovation projects and railways, said the ministry.
Letting individual buyers invest in local government bonds is a way to narrow the government’s financin
g gap, said Hu Yijian, a tax professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. The gap is expected to expand, as policym
akers decided to cut about 2 trillion yuan in taxes and fees this year while at the same time increase spending on investment.
inated and inter-connected, and fair and inclusive approach and forge a growth
model of vitality, a cooperation model of openness and win-win results, and a developm
ent model of balance and common benefits, so that people from across the world could share the benefits of economic globalization, Xi said.
This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Wang said.
During his visit, Xi, based on China’s just-concluded Two Sessions earlier this month, illu
strated to the European leaders the fine performances of the Chinese economy which had overcome multiple challenges in 2018.
Wang said Xi also introduced the newly-adopted foreign investment law, emphasizi
ng that it is necessary to use legal means to better protect intellectual property rights and attract foreign investment.
Xi pointed out that China will continue to push forward all-round reform and opening-up, promote trade and investment
liberalization and facilitation, so that European friends can better share China’s development opportunities.
?development in China, and the EU welcomes China’s willingness to share its development opportunities.
Chinese enterprises are welcome to invest in European countries, said the European leaders, adding that they will not adopt restrictive measures against specific com
panies, and are willing to provide a fair, open and transparent business environment for all foreign enterprises.
During the visit, Peng Liyuan, Xi’s wife, also attended a number of events aimed at deepeni
ng cultural and educational exchanges between China and the European nations.
As a special envoy of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for the advanceme
nt of girls’ and women’s education, Peng was invited to visit the headquarters of the UNESCO in Paris.
Wang said Peng’s visit highlighted China’s image of a hardworking, responsible maj
or country that actively participates in international education, gender equality and other affairs.